JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

97

C major

The Project

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 97
Chronological order
101
Key
C major
Period
7 Symphonies of the first London travel 1791/1792
Date of composition
London 1792, premiere 03 or 04.05. 1792
Customer
Johann Peter Salomon
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Autograph
Score edition

Londoner Sinfonien, 2. Folge
Herausgeber: Robert von Zahn; Reihe I, Band 16; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:97 Symphony in C Major      
Symphony No. 97 originated in 1792 and was performed for the first time on 3 or 4 May of the same year at the Salomon Concerts. It is the last of the symphonies composed for Haydn’s first stay in London (1791/92) and moreover Haydn’s final symphony in the solid key of C major. In the first movement the thematic link of the slow introduction with the final group of the main vivace segment and the baroque trio technique demonstrate the multifaceted use of various compositional methods which serve the overall symphonic form together with the structure. The second movement is in the free-form of variation. In the third variation Haydn uses an instrumentation effect: he has the violins play al ponticello, that is, with the bow near the bridge, which produces a hard metallic tone (this instruction was lost in most of the usual German print editions, however). In the trio of the minuet, which is played entirely in piano and as a result forms a sharp contrast to the minuet section, there is an Alpine yodel effect and a peculiar part for the solo violins (which was certainly meant for concert director Johann Peter Salomon) in the high register. Here as well the fourth movement is formally a sonata rondo, a combination of rondo and the form of a sonata movement.

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
100,1a
 
100,1b
Title oft he movement
Adagio / Vivace
Key
C major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
100,2
Title oft he movement
Adagio ma non troppo
Key
F major
Form
varied songform
3. movement
100,3
Title oft he movement
Menuetto Allegretto / Trio
Key
C-C major
4. movement
100,4
Title oft he movement
Presto assai
Key
C major
Form
rondo
Duration
appr. 25 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Johann Peter Salomon
Instrumentation
2|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str. (with solo-Vl)
Cast oft he orchestra
2|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str.

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
100,1a
 
100,1b
2. movement
100,2
3. movement
100,3
4. movement
100,4



Score

97









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II