JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

95

c minor

The Project

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 95
Chronological order
96
Key
c minor
Period
7 Symphonies of the first London travel 1791/1792
Date of composition
London 1791, premiere 1791
Customer
Johann Peter Salomon
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Autograph
Score edition

Londoner Sinfonien, 1. Folge
Herausgeber: Robert von Zahn und Gernot Gruber; Reihe I, Band 15; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:95 Symphony in C Minor     
Composed in London in 1791 and performed for the first time in the same season as the Salomon Concerts, the C minor symphony (No. 95) is in many ways strikingly different from the usual framework of the London Symphonies: it is the only piece in a minor key (there are also just two forerunners in this key in Haydn’s body of symphonic work: No. 52, a work of the so-called Sturm and Drang period, and No. 78) and the only one of the London Symphonies that does not begin with a slow introduction. Due to its basic style expressed with the defiant unison statement at the beginning, it was long one of the least popular of the series. A clear indication for the fact that Salomon’s trio arrangement of this symphony for the piano sold the least. Nonetheless, it is consummate with respect to its composition and “inner beauty” so that today’s concert activity is rightly rediscovering it. The most remarkable movement of this composition is probably the finale, in which the usual rondo form is most elaborately permeated with contrapuntal elements. Here the influence of the finale in Mozart’s Jupiter Symphony is very clearly noticeable.

 

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
96,1a
Title oft he movement
Allegro moderato
Key
c minor
Form
sonataform
2. movement
96,2
Title oft he movement
Andante cantabile
Key
E flat major
Form
double variationform
3. movement
96,3
Title oft he movement
Menuet / Trio
Key
c minor-C major
4. movement
96,4
Title oft he movement
Vivace
Key
C major
Form
sonatarondo
Duration
appr. 22 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Johann Peter Salomon
Instrumentation
1|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
1|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str.
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
96,1a
2. movement
96,2
3. movement
96,3
4. movement
96,4



Score

95









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II