JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

93

D major

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 93
Chronological order
97
Key
D major
Period
7 Symphonies of the first London travel 1791/1792
Date of composition
London 1791, 17.02. 1792
Customer
Johann Peter Salomon
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Autograph (verschollen), Entwurfs-Katalog
Score edition

Londoner Sinfonien, 1. Folge
Herausgeber: Robert von Zahn und Gernot Gruber; Reihe I, Band 15; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:93 Symphony in D Major     
No. 93 is neither the “second” of the London Symphonies (based on the numbering of Salomon’s contemporary edition) nor the “first” of the group of twelve including Nos. 93-104 (based on the numbering of the London Symphonies in the Alte Gesamtausgabe which was adopted by the Hoboken Verzeichnis, but “in truth” the third of the series (after No. 96 and No. 95). It was written in London in 1791 but for the second season – 1792 – of Salomon Concerts and performed for the first time on 17 February 1792. Here Joseph Haydn was able utilise his experiences from the first concert series, particularly regarding his assessment of English taste. The first movement is a prime example of a “singing allegro”; it is enveloped in the “tranquillity” of the development and softness of the thematic content, as would hardly be expected in a slow introduction which is rich in contrast and hardly known from Haydn beforehand. Beginning originally as a solo string quartet, the second movement was a veritable “hit” in Haydn’s day, circulated in an entire series of separate arrangements. Here Haydn combines the forms of rondo and variation. At the end of the movement there is a humorous surprise which is persistently led up to through a low fortissimo note of the bassoon.  One of Haydn’s new features is that from then on the tempo of the minuet grows increasingly faster – without losing its “Alpine” inflection. The final movement is a sonata rondo, as is usual with Haydn, a kehraus flavoured with surprising turns of phrase.

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
97,1a
 
97,1b
Title oft he movement
Adagio / Allegro assai
Key
D major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
97,2
Title oft he movement
Largo cantabile
Key
G major
Form
ternary songform
3. movement
97,3
Title oft he movement
Menuetto Allegro / Trio
Key
D-D major
4. movement
97,4
Title oft he movement
Presto ma non troppo
Key
D major
Form
rondo
Duration
appr. 26 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Johann Peter Salomon
Instrumentation
2|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
2|2|0|2 – 2|2 – 1 – Str.

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
97,1a
 
97,1b
2. movement
97,2
3. movement
97,3
4. movement
97,4



Score

93









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II