JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

90

C major

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 90
Chronological order
92
Key
C major
Period
Apotheosis of the chamber-Symphonies 1787 to 1789; „Johann Tost“ and „Paris“
Date of composition
1788
Customer
Parisian Societé Olympique
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Autograph
Score edition

Sinfonien 1787-1789
Herausgeber: Andreas Friesenhagen; Reihe I, Band 14; 2010, G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:90 Symphony in C Major     
In 1788/99 this symphony as well was written on behalf of the Paris Concerts de Loge Olympique basically as a follow-up order to the six Paris Symphonies (Nos. 82-87) and is dedicated to the client, Cote d’Ogny, as are Nos. 91 and 92. As a competent businessman Haydn also simultaneously sold these symphonies to Prince Oettingen-Wallerstein, who was a fervent admirer of Haydn and had commissioned symphonies from him. (To the question of why the prince had only received scores written by a copyist Haydn explained that an eye condition had prevented him from supplying it in his own script.) No. 90 and No. 91 are a little overshadowed by the celebrated Oxford Symphony No. 92 – but completely unjustifiably with regard to the Symphony in C Major, No. 90. All symphonies written directly prior to his time in London basically feature the superior arrangement of all formal details, an external simplicity along with a complex inner structure. The principal theme of the first movement is actually just a cadential phrase anticipated as such in the slow introduction, then, “diverted” with bold sleight of hand, is inserted at the climax of the rapid main section. Here for the first time in the history of symphony the attempt is made to blend a slow introduction and rapid main section with one another. The repetitions forming the main motif of this theme basically permeate everything, taking command of the entire movement and imitated in counterpoint only by a syncopated interjection and interrupted by a figurative and playful secondary theme, which taken together yields an extremely artificial arrangement of the movements. At the end of the movement the principal theme returns to its function as a cadence. The second movement features considerable formal originality: two contrasting parts in major and minor keys which are developed in a kind of double variation. In one of the variations the flute is allowed to play solo. In the finale, a rapid-fire monothematic sonata movement scattered with artistic flourishes of every sort, the coda, the final part, takes up an entire third of the movement. At the beginning of the coda Haydn plays an especially bold “gag” – one of the surprises to be prepared for at all times with him. What it is is not revealed here: when a conductor is determined, an audience at the Wiener Musikverein or Salzburg Festival will fall for the close to Haydn’s symphony, even twice in a row when – as specified - the second part of the finale is repeated!

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
92,1a
 
92,1b
Title oft he movement
Adagio / Allegro assai
Key
C major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
92,2
Title oft he movement
Andante
Key
F major
Form
variationrondo
3. movement
92,3
Title oft he movement
Menuet / Trio
Key
F-F major
4. movement
92,4
Title oft he movement
Allegro assai
Key
C major
Form
sonataform
Duration
appr. 25 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Instrumentation
1|2|0|2 – 2|(2) – (1) – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
1|2|0|2 – 2|(2) – (1) – Str.
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
92,1a
 
92,1b
2. movement
92,2
3. movement
92,3
4. movement
92,4



Score

90









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II