JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Parkhotel Pörtschach

9

C major

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 9
Chronological order
23
Key
C major
Period
First Esterház-Symphonies 1761 to 1763; „Die Tageszeiten“ and other unique creations
Date of composition
1762
Customer
Which of the two princes is not clear!
Number of movements
3
Authenticity proof
Autograph (verschollen), Entwurfs-Katalog
Score edition

Sinfonien 1761-1763
Herausgeber: Sonja Gerlach und Jürgen Braun; Reihe I, Band 3; G. Henle Verlag München

Symphony No. 9 in C major
It has been speculated that this symphony might have originated as an overture: it is in three movements and concludes with a minuet, rather than a fast finale; the noisy Allegro molto is unusually short and in the unusual metre of 2/4; and in some respects it resembles the overture to Haydn's 'Festa teatrale' Acide (also from 1762). On the other hand, none of Haydn's other three-movement symphonies ending with a minuet (Nos. 18, 26 and 30) began life as an overture; certain other early symphony first movements in C are noisy, compact, and in 2/4; and, in distinction to Haydn's actual overtures, all three movements of this work have internal repeats.
The Allegro molto eschews strongly profiled themes in favour of three-chord 'ham-merstrokes', wind fanfares, constant bustle and rhythmic surprise. The Andante, also in 2/4, invokes the pastoral, both by the key of G major and the use of flutes, whose sweet tone dominates the sound-world of this movement. Although the minuet is vaguely galant in style, it manipulates the phrase rhythm in a decidedly ungalant manner. The first strain of the trio features an oboe solo over the strings; the second is for the entire wind band alone.

 

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
23,1
Title oft he movement
Allegro molto
Key
C major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
23,2
Title oft he movement
Andante
Key
G major
Form
ternary songform
3. movement
23,3
Title oft he movement
Menuetto Allegretto / Trio
Key
C-C major
Duration
appr. 13 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Joseph Haydn
Instrumentation
(2)*|2|0|1 – 2|0 – 0 – Str. (in change with Ob)
Cast oft he orchestra
(2)*|2|0|1 – 2|0 – 0 – Str. (in change with Ob)
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
23,1
2. movement
23,2
3. movement
23,3



Score

9









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II