JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

81

G major

The Project

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 81
Chronological order
81
Key
G major
Period
First Symphonies for a „new“ audience 1782 to 1784
Date of composition
until 8.11. 1784
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Haydnverzeichnis, RC
Score edition

Sinfonien 1782-1784
Herausgeber: Sonja Gerlach und Sterling E. Murray; Reihe I, Band 11; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:81 Symphony in G Major
Although it is easy “to explain” in the framework of harmonic theory, for listeners at that time the beginning of Symphony No. 81 must have sounded fairly alien: over the tonic G in the repeated eighth notes of the basses the dissonant F is heard first, over which the suspended dissonant C is ushered in. The sound is only defined with the resolution of this C after B-natural, the various notes forming a seventh after the subdominant C major. It is undoubtedly this unusual edifice of principal themes which form the experimental centre of this entire first movement of Symphony No. 81: in the development Haydn uses increasingly bolder variants of appoggiaturas and “alien” harmonies. Like most of the introductory movements of the preceding symphonies No. 81 also has a “correct” reprise; the principle theme, which is simply passed over at this point, is heard again in its “original form” as a coda at the end of the movement. In the character of a siciliano, the second movement presents a mix consisting of variations and a tripartite melodic form, or a simple variation – the varying element consisting only of the figural play on the principle melody - in which a contrasting minor episode is inserted that has only remotely to do with the variation’s theme. The closing movement is a sonata movement again, its composition brisk and light with no stumbling blocks for intellectually challenged ears.

 

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
81,1
Title oft he movement
Vivace
Key
G major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
81,2
Title oft he movement
Andante
Key
D major
Form
variationform
3. movement
81,3
Title oft he movement
Menuetto Allegretto / Trio
Key
G-G major
4. movement
81,4
Title oft he movement
Allegro, ma non troppo
Key
G major
Form
sonataform
Duration
appr 25 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Joseph Haydn
Instrumentation
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
81,1
2. movement
81,2
3. movement
81,3
4. movement
81,4



Score

81









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II