JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

78

c minor

The Project

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 78
Chronological order
80
Key
c minor
Period
First Symphonies for a „new“ audience 1782 to 1784
Date of composition
1782
Customer
Willoughby Berties, Earl of Abingdon
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Entwurfs-Katalog
Score edition

Sinfonien 1782-1784
Herausgeber: Sonja Gerlach und Sterling E. Murray; Reihe I, Band 11; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:78 Symphony in c minor
The third and last of the symphonies written in 1782 for the trip to England Haydn (1732-1809) planned but did not take, No. 78 is a C minor symphony. Not only for Beethoven and his successors in the 19th century, but for Haydn, as well, C minor is a special key furnished with the ingredients of extraordinary expressivity. In this regard No. 78 is the middle ground between its two C minor sisters in Haydn’s body of work: No. 52 of 1770, a typical work from Haydn’s so-called Sturm und Drang period, and the inwardly “classically subdued” No. 95 originating during his first stay in London in 1791. There is probably no other symphonic movement from Haydn which is of such excessively driven experimental chromaticism than the opening movement of No. 78. The principal theme, which enters in unison (and which, as Robbins Landon says, may have served as a direct model for the principle theme of the first movement of Mozart’s Piano Concerto in C Minor KV 491 of 1786), is harmonically inconsistent, or “wandering.” In this way it serves as the starting point for bold transitions and modulations; the harmonically more stable secondary theme with the closing group is also characterised at the usual place by an “inconsistent” transitional harmony which “coincidentally” emerges from the parallel chromatic sweep of the string parts. The systematic and continuously recurring developmental features require so much room and energy that only enough space remains for a rudimentary reprise, which in fact consists only of the remainder of the secondary theme with the closing group. As if balancing out the chromatic shift of this opening movement, Haydn remains in the realm of the conventional in the rest of the symphony. For example, the closing movement is a rondo with developmental elements; yet Haydn makes such an obvious effort at harmonic stability that he begins the rondo episode (with the solo oboe) twice in the same key, namely, C major. The second time it also directly transitions into the C major close of the entire work.

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
80,1
Title oft he movement
Vivace
Key
c minor
Form
sonataform
2. movement
80,2
Title oft he movement
Adagio
Key
E flat major
Form
ternary songform
3. movement
80,3
Title oft he movement
Menuetto Allegretto / Trio
Key
C-C major
4. movement
80,4
Title oft he movement
Presto
Key
c minor
Form
rondo
Duration
appr 20 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Joseph Haydn
Instrumentation
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
80,1
2. movement
80,2
3. movement
80,3
4. movement
80,4



Score

78









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II