JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

76

E flat major

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 76
Chronological order
78
Key
E flat major
Period
First Symphonies for a „new“ audience 1782 to 1784
Date of composition
1782
Customer
Willoughby Berties, Earl of Abingdon
Number of movements
4
Authenticity proof
Entwurfs-Katalog
Score edition

Sinfonien 1782-1784
Herausgeber: Sonja Gerlach und Sterling E. Murray; Reihe I, Band 11; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:76 Symphony in E-Flat Major
Symphony No. 76, the first of the trio, which like No. 74 is in E-flat major, contains numerous details which are sure to have delighted both the connoisseur as well as the fan: in the first movement, which is marked by the “drive” of the rolling unison phrases in the strings, the secondary theme sounds “premature” at first, that is, like a consequent in the repetition of the principal theme. At the analogue location in the reprise this is corrected by another contrapuntal “sequence.” Consisting of five parts based on the A-B-A’-C-A”-(Coda) model, the second movement lives entirely from its polarisation between the graceful “A” parts (with their economic use of elements of variation) and the highly animated minor-key episodes in “B” and “C.” The third movement is dominated by a contrast as well: while the minuet is entirely commensurate with “aristocratic taste” – the French spelling “menuet” in the score implies this – the trio melody (in accordance with the terminology of the time) is “German”: thirty years later people will say “Ländler” (rural dance) or already “waltz.” Untypical of Haydn, the finale is a fully executed principal sonata theme in a leisurely tempo: it rises and falls with its ornamental principal theme, which is characterised by numerous grace notes which on the surface lend the movement a playful airiness. The allure is all the greater when in the development the listener is repeatedly confronted with unexpected turns of phrase.

 

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
78,1
Title oft he movement
Allegro
Key
E flat major
Form
sonataform
2. movement
78,2
Title oft he movement
Adagio, ma non troppo
Key
B flat major
Form
variationform
3. movement
78,3
Title oft he movement
Menuet Allegretto / Trio
Key
c minor-C major
4. movement
78,4
Title oft he movement
Allegro, ma non troppo
Key
E flat major
Form
sonataform
Duration
appr. 19 min.

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Joseph Haydn
Instrumentation
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
1|2|0|2 – 2|0 – 0 – Str.
Cast
Flute Franz Sigl 1761-1773
Flute Zacharias Hirsch 1777-1790
Oboe Michael Kapfer 1761-1769
Oboe Georg Kapfer 1761-1770
Oboe Anton Mayer 1782-1790
Oboe Joseph Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Johann Hinterberger 1761-1777
Bassoon Franz Czerwenka 1784-1790
Bassoon Joseph Steiner 1781-1790
Horn (played violin) Franz Pauer 1770-1790
Horn (played violin) Joseph Oliva 1770-1790
Timpani or Bassoon Caspar Peczival 1773-1790
Violin Luigi Tomasini 1761-1790
Violin (leader 2. Vl) Johann Tost 1783-1788
Violin Joseph Purgsteiner 1766-1790
Violin Joseph Dietzl 1766-1790
Violin Vito Ungricht 1777-1790
Violin (most Viola) Christian Specht 1777-1790
Cello Anton Kraft 1779-1790
Violone Carl Schieringer 1768-1790

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
78,1
2. movement
78,2
3. movement
78,3
4. movement
78,4



Score

76









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II