JOSEPH HAYDN

107 SINFONIE

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Kultur Niederösterreich


Parkhotel Pörtschach

105

"Concertante"

B flat major

Order by Hoboken
Hob.I: 105
Chronological order
100
Key
B flat major
Title
"Concertante"
Period
7 Symphonies of the first London travel 1791/1792
Date of composition
London 1792, premiere 09.03. 1792
Customer
Johann Peter Salomon
Number of movements
3
Authenticity proof
Autograph
Score edition

Concertante
Herausgeber: Sonja Gerlach; Reihe II; G. Henle Verlag München

Hob.I:105 Symphony in D Major Sinfonia concertante     
Originally referred to as Concertante or Sinfonia Concertante, the orchestration of this work is unique: four solo instruments (oboe, bassoon, violin, violoncello) and orchestra. Thus it is actually a quadruple concerto. Haydn wrote this piece in 1792 during his first stay in England for the second season of the Salomon Concerts. The occasion for this was likely to have been the following: Joseph Haydn already had an obligation with violinist Johann Peter Salomon’s concert enterprise. The competing enterprise to the Salomon Concerts, the Professional Concerts under the direction of violinist Wilhelm Cramer, had hired Haydn’s former pupil Ignaz Pleyel as a composer after it had failed to succeed in getting Haydn himself.  In the scope of the Professional Concerts Pleyel had given a premiere performance of a Sinfonia concertante for six solo instruments and orchestra, a musical form which was very popular at this time in Paris, Pleyel’s domain of activity. Salomon, for whom the solo violin part was meant, is likely to have suggested the composition of a “counterpart” to Haydn. With this work Haydn succeeds in blending the forms of the older concerto grosso, the modern instrumental concerto and symphony. In the first movement, for example, the solo quartet emerges from the orchestra tutti; in the second movement as well the traditional split into solo parts and orchestral ritornello were circumvented to the extent that it is more like an separate piece of chamber music (with scant support of the orchestra) than an instrumental concerto. The kehraus finale is expanded into an imaginary opera scene through the recitative of the solo violins.

Analysis

Analyse

Analysis oft he movements

1. movement
105,1
2. movement
105,2
3. movement
105,3

Musicians

Musiker

Musicians

Due to the unclear time of origin of most of Haydn’s symphonies - and unlike his 13 Italian operas, where we really know the exact dates of premieres and performances - detailed and correct name lists of the orchestral musicians cannot be given.  As a rough outline, his symphony works can be divided into three temporal blocks. In the first block, in the service of Count Morzin (1757-1761), in the second block, the one at the court of the Esterházys (1761-1790 but with the last symphony for the Esterház audience in 1781) and the third block, the one after Esterház (1782-1795), i.e. in Paris and London.  Just for this middle block at the court of the Esterházys 1761-1781 (the last composed symphony for the Esterház audience) respectively 1790, at the end of his service at the court of Esterház we can choose Haydn’s most important musicians and “long-serving companions” and thereby extract an "all-time - all-stars orchestra".

Direction
Johann Peter Salomon
Instrumentation
Vl|Vc|Ob|Fa - 1|1|0|0 - 2|2| - 1 - Str.
Cast oft he orchestra
Vl|Vc|Ob|Fa - 1|1|0|0 - 2|2| - 1 - Str.

Medias

Medien

Music

Choose the interpret

Antal Dorati

Joseph Haydn
The Symphonies
Philharmonia Hungarica
33 CDs, aufgenommen 1970 bis 1974, herausgegeben 1996 Decca (Universal)

1. movement
105,1
2. movement
105,2
3. movement
105,3



Score

105









Haydn13
×

SINFONIE 107

1757

1. Periode
Hob.I:1

1757-1759

1. Periode
Hob.I:37
Hob.I:18
Hob.I:2

1757-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:4
Hob.I:27

1758-1760

1. Periode
Hob.I:10
Hob.I:20

1761/1762

1. Periode
Hob.I:36
Hob.I:33

1771

4. Periode
Hob.I:52
Hob.I:42

1773/1774

4. Periode
Hob.I:50

1774/1775

5. Periode
Hob.I:68

1776

5. Periode
Hob.I:61

1777/1778

5. Periode
Hob.I:53 "L'Impériale"

1778/1779

5. Periode
Hob.I:71

1780

5. Periode
Hob.I:74
Hob.I:62

1781

5. Periode
Hob.I:73 "La chasse"

1787

8. Periode
Hob.I:89

-1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:88

1788

8. Periode
Hob.I:90
Hob.I:91

1789

8. Periode
Hob.I:92 "Oxford"

1791/1792

9. Periode
Hob.I:98

1793

10. Periode
Hob.I:99

1794

10. Periode
Hob.I:102

OPER 13

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
I. Periode
Acide
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Lo speziale
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
Le pescatrici
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
I. Periode
L'infedeltà delusa
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
L'incontro improvviso
 
II. Periode
 
II. Periode
Il mondo della luna
 
II. Periode
 
III. Periode
 
III. Periode
La fedeltà premiata
 
III. Periode
Orlando paladino
 
III. Periode
Armida
 
III. Periode
La vera costanza II